Common Materials in Precision Mechanical Processing

Common Materials in Precision Mechanical Processing

Precision mechanical processing is not only a diverse industrial field but also a complex system that demands precision and accuracy from the design process to manufacturing and quality control. To ensure success in this industry, the workforce involved needs not only specialized skills but also finesse and dedication. An integral part of the mechanical processing process is the selection of suitable materials. Let’s explore some common materials used in precision mechanical processing with Towavina.

Iron in Mechanical Processing

Iron, with its exceptional significance, holds a dominant position in the industrial sector. Accounting for approximately 95% of the total metal mass produced globally, iron is not only a widely used material but also a robust foundation for the world economy.

The notable advantages of iron, such as low cost, excellent load-bearing capacity, flexibility, and high hardness, make custom iron processing irreplaceable. The flexibility and versatility of iron in precision mechanical processing unlock a myriad of exceptional applications. From manufacturing automobiles to constructing building frameworks, and even crafting ship hulls, this diversity is a testament to the flexibility and efficiency of iron in the industrial sector.

Common Materials in Precision Mechanical Processing
Common Materials in Precision Mechanical Processing


Steel, an alloy formed from iron and carbon (with carbon content less than 2.14%), along with the addition of other elements, is notably crucial in the metal industry. Divided into two main types, Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel, each type has distinct chemical compositions and physical properties.

Carbon Steel, comprising iron, carbon, and some impurities such as Mn, Si, P, is widely used in various applications due to its load-bearing and durable characteristics. On the other hand, Alloy Steel incorporates additional elements like W, V, Mo, Ti, Cu, Ta, B, N, providing specific physical and chemical properties catering to specialized applications.

With diversity in composition and properties, steel finds extensive applications in various fields such as construction, shipbuilding, and other industrial sectors. Consequently, the increasing demand for precision mechanical processing of steel poses challenges and opportunities for businesses in this field.

Common Materials in Precision Mechanical Processing
Common Materials in Precision Mechanical Processing

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel, also known as inox or stainless, is an alloy of iron containing at least 10.5% chromium. Distinguished by its low susceptibility to discoloration and corrosion compared to regular steel, stainless steel comes in various grades, with inox 304 being highly regarded for its quality.

With outstanding advantages such as durability, corrosion resistance, high heat resistance up to 1200 degrees Celsius, and good cold resistance, stainless steel has become a popular choice in many applications. Its flexibility in processing is also a strong point, making it easy to shape and manufacture into various products.

The applications of stainless steel are expanding, ranging from simple furniture to complex interior structures. Particularly in the modern era, the use of CNC stainless steel cutting has become a trend, contributing to the creation of high-quality and aesthetically pleasing products.

In addition to stainless steel, various other materials are used in mechanical processing, such as black metal, hard metal, colored metal, depending on specific requirements and the type of machine parts, to ensure suitability and enhance the durability of the final product.

Common Materials in Precision Mechanical Processing
Common Materials in Precision Mechanical Processing


In the mechanical processing industry, the diversity of key materials such as iron, steel, and stainless steel plays a crucial role, providing numerous advantages and special features for specific applications. The flexibility and durability of iron and steel, combined with the corrosion resistance and easy processing of stainless steel, are determining factors in their widespread popularity and top choice in the industry. This diversity serves as a driving force for the development of the mechanical processing industry, meeting the increasingly diverse needs of today’s market.

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